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Susan Ray

Susan M. Ray, MD, FIDSA

Hospital Epidemiologist

Susan M. Ray, MD is Professor of Medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Emory University School of Medicine. She grew up in Atlanta, graduated from Shamrock High School (DeKalb county) and earned a biomedical engineering degree (BSBME) at Duke University. She was drawn back to Emory for medical school because of the chance to work at Grady. She received her MD from Emory and also completed internal medicine residency, chief residency, and infectious disease fellowship training at Emory. She joined the Emory faculty in 1993 and has been based at Grady since that time. Dr. Ray’s academic and clinical pursuits are centered on the epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of infectious diseases affecting the urban, indigent, minority population served by Grady Health System; she is the Hospital Epidemiologist for Grady Health System. Her specific areas of interest include: the epidemiology and treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infections; molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis; surveillance for and prevention of healthcare associated infections; clinical trials of therapy for tuberculosis infection and disease; prevention of healthcare worker exposure to bloodborne pathogens. Dr. Ray is the founder/physician director of the Woodruff Health Sciences Center Needlestick Prevention Center. Dr. Ray has been an investigator with the GA Emerging Infections Program since 1998 and is the lead investigator for GA EIP Healthcare Associated Infections and Community Interface (HAIC). Dr. Ray has been a clinician at the Fulton County TB clinic since 1999 and is the Medical Consultant to the GA Dept of Public Health Tuberculosis Program.

Specialties

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Internal Medicine

Board Certifications

  • ABMS Internal Medicine

Fellowships

  • Emory University School of Medicine

Affiliations

  • Emory

Education & Training

  • Medical School: Emory University School of Medicine
  • Internship: Emory University School of Medicine
  • Residency: Emory University School of Medicine

Honors & Awards

1979-1983 Angier B. Duke Memorial Scholarship (Full four-year merit scholarship) Duke University

1982 Phi Beta Kappa Duke University

1982 Tau Beta Pi (Engineering Honor Society) Duke University

1983 Leonardo da Vinci Award (highest GPA among graduating BME students) Duke University

1983-1987 Robert Woodruff Fellowship (Full four-year merit scholarship) Emory University School of Medicine

1986 Alpha Omega Alpha Emory University School of Medicine

1987 Lemmon Award for Excellence in General Medicine

2002 Emory University Attending Teaching Award

2013 Shanta M. Zimmer 2013 Mentoring Award (for being a role model and advocate for Infectious Disease Fellows)

2014 Golden Apple Award from J. Willis Hurst Internal Medicine Residency Program for Teaching at Grady Memorial Hospital

2015 Member, Academy of Medical Educators, Department of Medicine, EUSOM

Publications

Blumberg HM, Watkins DL, Berschling JD, Antle A, Moore P, White N, Hunter M, Green B, Ray SM, McGowan JE Jr. Preventing the nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis. Ann Intern Med 1995;122 (9):658-663.

Blumberg HM, Moore P, Blanchard DK, Ray SM. Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis between HIV-infected health care workers. Clin Infect Dis 1996;22 (3):597-598.

Ray SM, Erdman D, Berschling JD, Cooper J, Torok TJ, Blumberg HM. Nosocomial exposure to Parvovirus B19: Low risk of transmission to Healthcare Workers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1997;18:109-114.

McNeil MM, Ray S, Kozarsky PE, Brown J. Nocardia farcinica pneumonia in a previously healthy woman: Species characterization with a digoxigenin-labeled cDNA probe. Clin Infect Dis 1997;25(4):933-934.

Sotir MJ, Lewis C, Bisher EW, Ray SM, Soucie JM, Blumberg HM. Epidemiology of device-associated infections related to a long-term implantable vascular access device. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1999;20(3):187-191.

Jacobson TA, Thomas D, Morton F, Offutt F, Shevlin J, Ray S. Use of a low-literacy educational tool to enhance pneumococcal vaccination rates: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 1999;282:646-650.

Sotir MJ, Mcgowan J, Ray SM, Miller LP, Bock N, Parrott P, Blumberg HM. Tuberculosis in the inner-city: impact of a continuing epidemic in the 1990s. Clin Infect Dis 1999;29(5):1138-1144.

Robert J, Anderson E, White N, Ray SM, Blumberg HM, Jarvis W. The influence of the composition of the nursing staff on primary bloodstream infection rates in a surgical intensive care unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2000;21(1):12-17.

Blumberg HM, White N, Parrott P, Gordon W, Hunter M, Ray S. False-positive tuberculin skin test results among health care workers. JAMA 2000;283:2793.

Rezende NA, Blumberg HM, Metzger BS, Ray SM, McGowan JE, Jr. Risk factors for Methicillin-resistance among patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia at the time of hospital admission. Am J Med Sci 2001;323(3):117-123.

Shevlin JD, Summers-Bean C, Thomas D, Whitney C, Todd D, Ray SM. A systematic approach for increasing pneumococcal vaccination rates at an inner-city public hospital. Am J Prevent Med 2002;22(2):92-97.

Eichler MR, Ray SM, del Rio C. The effectiveness of HIV post-test counseling in determining healthcare seeking behavior. AIDS 2002;16(6):943-945.

Thomas DM, Ray SM, Morton FJ, Shevlin JS, Offutt G, Whitney CG, Jacobsen T. Patient education strategies to improve pneumococcal vaccination rates: a randomized trial. J Invest Med 2003;51(3):141-148.

Eckhardt C, Halvosa JS, Ray SM, Blumberg HM. Transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the neonatal intensive care unit from a patient with community-acquired disease. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2003;24(6):5-6

Ray SM, Ahuja SD, Van Gilder T, Blake PA, Farley M, Samuel M, Fiorentino T, Swanson E, Cassidy M and the FoodNet Working Group. Population-based surveillance for Yersinia enterocolitica infection: Higher risk of disease in infants and minority populations. Clin Infect Dis 2004;38(suppl 3):S181-189.

Tobin-D'Angelo MJ, Hoteit MA, Brown KV, Ray SM, King MD. Dapsone-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis mimicking Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in a patient with AIDS. Am J Med Sci 2004;327(3):163-165.

Fisk TL, Lundberg BE, Guest JL, Ray S, Barrett TJ, Holland B, Stamey K, Angulo FJ, Farley MM. Invasive infection with multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium definitive type 104 among HIV-infected adults. Clin Infect Dis 2005;40(7):1016-1021.

Miller LS, Kourbatova EV, Goodman S, Ray SM. Risk factors for pneumococcal vaccine refusal in adults: A case-control study. J Gen Intern Med 2005;20(7):650-652.

Kourbatova EV, Halvosa JS, King MD, Ray SM ,White N, Blumberg HM. Emergence of Community-Associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA 300 clone as a cause of nosocomial infections among patients with prosthetic joint infections. Am J Infect Control 2005;33(7):385-391.

Flannery B, Heffernan RT, Harrison LH, Ray SM, Reingold AL, Hadler J, Schaffner W, Lynfield R, Thomas AR, Li J, Campsmith M, Whitney CG, Schuchat A. Changes in invasive pneumococcal disease among HIV-infected adults in the era of childhood pneumococcal immunization. Ann Intern Med 2006;144(1):1-9.

Koehler KM, Lasky T, Fein SB, DeLong SM, Hawkins MA, Rabatsky-Her T, Ray SM, Shiferaw B, Swanson E, Vugia DJ, for the EIP FoodNet Working Group. Population-based incidence of infection with selected bacterial enteric pathogens in children less than five years of age, 1996-1998. Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal 2006;25(2):129-134.

Seybold U, Kourbatova EV, Johnson JG, Halvosa SJ, Wang YF, King MD, Ray SM, Blumberg HM. Emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA300 genotype as a major cause of healthcare–associated blood stream infections. Clin Infect Dis 2006;42(5):647-656.

King MD, Terrell BJ, Wang YF, Ray SM, Blumberg HM. Emergence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 clone as the predominant cause of S. aureus skin and soft tissue infections in Atlanta. Ann Intern Med 2006;144(5):309-317.

Greene CM, Kyaw MH, Ray SM, Schaffner W, Lynfield R, Barrett N, Long C, Gershman K, Pilishvili T, Roberson A, Zell ER, Whitney CG, Bennett NM for the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Program of the EIP Network. Preventability of invasive pneumococcal disease and assessment of current polysaccharide vaccine recommendations for adults: United States, 2001-2003. Clin Infect Dis 2006;43(2):141-150.

Kyaw MH, Greene CM, Schaffner W, Ray SM, Shapiro M, Barrett NM, Gershman K, Roberson A, Zell ER, Schuchat A, Bennett NM, Whitney CG for the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Program of the Emerging Infections Program Network. Multi-state assessment of missed opportunities for pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination in adults: United States 2001-2003. Am J Prevent Med 2006;31(4):286–292.

Klevens RM, Morrison MA, Fridkin SA, Reingold A, Petit S, Gershman K, Ray S, Harrison L, Lynfield R, Dumyati G, Townes JM, Craig AS, Tenover FC for the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Program of the Emerging Infections Program Network. Spread of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains in healthcare settings. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2006;12(12):1991-1993.

Camins BC. Farley MM. Jernigan JJ. Ray SM. Steinberg JP. Blumberg HM. A population-based investigation of invasive vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus infection in metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, and predictors of mortality. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007;28(8):983-991.

Klevens RM, Morrison MA, Fridkin SA, Nadle J, Petit S, Gershman K, Ray S, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Dumyati G, Townes JM, Craig AS, Zell ER, Fosheim GE, McDougal L, Carey RB for the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Program of the Emerging Infections Program Network. Incidence and Burden of Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections in the United States, 2004-2005. JAMA 2007;298(15):1763-1771.

Jacob JT, Nguyen MT, Ray SM. Male genital tuberculosis. Lancet Infect Dis 2008;8(5):335-342.

Seybold U, Halvosa JS, White N, Voris V, Ray SM, Blumberg HM. Emergence of and risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) of community origin in high risk nurseries. Pediatrics 2008;122(5):1039-1046.

Limbago B, Fosheim GE, Schoonover V, Crane CE, Nadle J, Petit S, Gershman K, Ray SM, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Dumyati G, Townes JM, Schaffner W, Mu Y, Fridkin SK. Characterization of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates causing invasive disease: a population-based analysis, 2005-2006. J Clin Microbiol 2009;47(5):1344-1351.

Wiersma P, Tobin D’Angelo M, Daley WR, Tuttle J, Arnold KE, Ray SM, Ladson JL, Bulens SN, Drenzek CL. Surveillance for severe community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus disease. Epidemiol Infect 2009;137(12):1674–1678.

DiazGranados C, Jones M Y, Kongphet-Tran T, White N, Shapiro M, Wang YF, Ray SM, Blumberg HM. Outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection associated with contamination of a flexible bronchoscope. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2009;30(6):550-555.

Lucero CA, Hageman J, Zell ER, Bulens S, Nadle J, Petit S, Gershman K, Ray S, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Dumyati G, Townes JM, Fridkin SK, Schaffner W, for the Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) MRSA Investigators. Evaluating the Potential Impact of a Staphylococcus aureus Vaccine through use of Population-Based Surveillance for Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Disease in the United States. Vaccine 2009;27(37):5061-5068.

Yamshchikov AV, Kurbatova EV, Kumari M, Blumberg HM, Ziegler TR, Ray SM, Tangpricha V. Vitamin D status and antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin (LL-37) levels in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. Am J Clin Nutri 2010;92(3):603-611.

Kallen A J, Mu Y, Bulens S, Sinkowitz-Cochran R, Reingold A, Petit S, Gershman K, Ray SM, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Dumyati G, Townes JM, Schaffner W, Talbot TR, Patel PR, Fridkin SK for the Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) MRSA Investigators. Healthcare-associated invasive MRSA infections, 2005-2008. JAMA 2010;304(6):641-647.

Kempker RR, Farley MM, Ladson JL, Satola S, Ray SM. Association of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA300 genotype with mortality in MRSA bacteremia. J Infection 2010;61(5):372-381.

Satola SW, Lessa FC, Ray SM, Bulens SN, Lynfield R, Schaffner W, Dumyati G, Nadle J, Patel JB for the Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) MRSA Investigators. Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics of Invasive Infections due to MRSA Isolates demonstrating Vancomycin MICs of 2 μg/mL: Lack of Effect of hVISA Phenotype. J Clin Microbiol 2011;49(4):1583-1587.

Liebzeit J, Ray S, Ander D. Save a life and protect your own. Med Educ 2011;45(5): 513–514.

Franco-Paredes C, Ray S. Causes of persistent acid-fast positive smears in pulmonary tuberculosis. Am J Med. 2012;125(12):e3-4. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2012.03.002. PMID: 22795813.

Zhou H, Haber M, Ray S, Farley MM, Panozzo CA, Klugman KP. Invasive pneumococcal pneumonia and respiratory virus co-infections. Emerg Infect Dis 2012;18(2):294-297.

Kalokhe AS, Shafiq M, Lee JC, Metchock B, Posey JE, Ray SM, et al. Discordance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis rifampin susceptibility [letter]. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet] 2012 Mar [Feb 14, 2012]. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1803.111357

Adekambi T, Ibegbu C, Kalokhe A, Ray SM, Rengarajan J. Distinct effector memory CD4+ T cell signatures in latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, BCG vaccination and clinically resolved tuberculosis. PLoS ONE 2012;7(4): e36046.

Lessa FC, Mu Y, Ray SM, Dumyati G, Bulens S, Gorwitz RJ, Fosheim G, Devries A, Schaffner W, Nadle J, Gershman K, Fridkin SK for the Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) MRSA Investigators. Impact of USA300 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus on clinical outcomes of patients with pneumonia or central line-associated bloodstream infections. Clin Infect Dis 2012; 55(2): 232-241.

Dorman SE, Goldberg S, Stout JE, Muzanyi G, Johnson JL, Weiner M, Bozeman L, Heilig C, Feng PJ Moro R, Narita M, Nahid P, Ray S. Bates E, Haile B, Nuermberger E, Vernon A, Schluger N, and the Tuberculosis Trials Consortium. Substitution of rifapentine for rifampin during intensive phase treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis: Study 29 of the Tuberculosis Trials Consortium. J Infect Dis 2012; 206(7):1030-1040.

Tosh PK, Bulens SN, Nadle J, Dumyati G, Lynfield R, Schaffner W, Ray SM, Jain S, Fridkin SK, Sievert DM. Characterization of hospitalized community-onset Staphylococcus aureus lower respiratory tract infections among generally healthy persons 50 years of age or younger. Infect Dis Clin Pract 2013;21:359-365.

Kalokhe AS, Shafiq M, Lee JC, Ray SM, Wang YF, Metchock B, Anderson AM, Nguyen ML. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis drug susceptibility and molecular diagnostic testing. Am J Med Sci. 2013 Feb;345(2):143-8

Thompson ND, Edwards JR, Bamberg W, Beldavs ZG, Dumyati G, Godine D, Maloney M, Kainer M, Ray S, Thompson D, Wilson L, Magill SS. Evaluating the accuracy of sampling to estimate central line-days: simplification of the National Healthcare Safety Network surveillance methods. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34(3):221-8.

Napier BA, Burd EM, Satola SW, Cagle SM, Ray SM, McGann P, Pohl J, Lesho EP, Weiss DS. Clinical use of colistin induces cross-resistance to host antimicrobials in Acinetobacter baumannii. MBio. 2013 May 21;4(3):e00021-13.

Iwamoto M, Mu Y, Lynfield R, Bulens SN, Nadle J, Aragon D, Petit S, Ray SM, Harrison LH, Dumyati G, Townes JM, Schaffner W, Gorwitz RJ, Lessa FC. Trends in invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections Pediatrics. 2013 Oct;132(4):e817-24. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-1112.

Dantes R, Mu Y, Belflower R, Aragon D, Dumyati G, Harrison LH, Lessa FC, Lynfield R, Nadle J, Petit S, Ray SM, Schaffner W, Townes J, Fridkin S; Emerging Infections Program–Active Bacterial Core Surveillance MRSA Surveillance Investigators. National burden of invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections, United States, 2011. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Nov 25;173(21):1970-8

Nguyen DB, Lessa FC, Belflower R, Mu Y, Wise M, Nadle J, Bamberg WM, Petit S, Ray SM, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Dumyati G, Thompson J, Schaffner W, Patel PR; Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs) MRSA Investigators of the Emerging Infections Program. Invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections among patients on chronic dialysis in the United States, 2005-2011. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Nov;57(10):1393-400

Weston G, Jacob JT, Ray S, Varkey J, Gaynes RP. A multicenter study measuring appropriateness of carbapenem use. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:1224-6. doi: 10.1086/673981.

Band VI, Ibegbu C, Kaur SP, Cagle SM, Trible R, Jones CL, Wang YF, Kraft CS, Ray SM, Wrammert J, Weiss DS. Induction of human plasmablasts during infection with antibiotic-resistant nosocomial bacteria. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2014;69:1830-3. doi: 10.1093/jac/dku047.

Magee MJ, Foote M, Maggio DM, Howards PP, Narayan KM, Blumberg HM, Ray SM, Kempker RR. Diabetes mellitus and risk of all-cause mortality among patients with tuberculosis in the state of Georgia, 2009-2012. Ann Epidemiol. 2014;24:369-75. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.01.012.

Reno J, Schenck C, Scott J, Clark LA, Wang YF, Ray S, Vagnone PS, Jacob JT. Querying automated antibiotic susceptibility testing instruments: a novel population-based active surveillance method for multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014;35(4):336-41. doi: 10.1086/675608. PMID: 24602936

Magill SS, Edwards JR, Bamberg W, Beldavs ZG, Dumyati G, Kainer MA, Lynfield R, Maloney M, McAllister-Hollod L, Nadle J, Ray SM, Thompson DL, Wilson LE, Fridkin SK; Emerging Infections Program Healthcare-Associated Infection and Antimicrobial Use Prevalence Survey Team. Multistate point-prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections. N Engl J Med 2014;370:1198-208.

Magill SS, Edwards JR, Beldavs ZG, Dumyati G, Janelle SJ, Kainer MA, Lynfield R, Nadle J, Neuhauser MM, Ray SM, Richards K, Rodriguez R, Thompson DL, Fridkin SK; Emerging Infections Program Healthcare-Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Use Prevalence Survey Team. Prevalence of antimicrobial use in U.S. acute care hospitals, May-September 2011. JAMA 2014;312:1438-46.

Haddad MB, Foote MK, Ray SM, Maggio DM, Sales RF, Kim MJ, Kemper RR, Spaulding AC. Substantial overlap between incarceration and tuberculosis in Atlanta, GA 2011. Open Forum Infect Dis 2014 Jun 30;1(1):ofu041.

Kobayashi M, Ray SM, Hanfelt J, Wang YF. Diagnosis of tuberculosis by using a nucleic acid amplification test in an urban population with high HIV prevalence in the United States. PLoS One 2014 Oct 23;9(10):e107552.

Kalokhe AS, Adekambi T, Ibegbu CC, Ray SM, Day CL, Rengarajan J. Impaired Degranulation and Proliferative Capacity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-Specific CD8+ T Cells in HIV-Infected Individuals With Latent Tuberculosis. J Infect Dis. 2015 Feb 15;211(4):635-40.

Adekambi T, Ibegbu CC, Cagle S, Kalokhe A, Wang YF, Hu Y, Day CL, Ray SM, Rengarajan J. Biomarkers on patient T cells diagnose active tuberculosis and monitor treatment response. J Clin Invest. 2015 May 1;125(5):1827-38.

Thompson ND, Edward JR, Bamberg W, Beldavs ZG, Dumyati G, Godine D, Maloney M, Kainer M, Ray S, Thompson D, Wilson L, Magill SS. Estimating central-line associated bloodstream infection incidence rates by sampling of denominator data: A prospective, multicenter evaluation. Am J Infect Control 2015;43:853-6. doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2015.03.031. PMID: 26004907

Reno J, Doshi S, Tunali AK, Stein B, Farley MM, Ray SM, Jacob JT. Epidemiology of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream coinfection among adults with candidemia in Atlanta, GA, 2008-2012. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2015;36:1298-304. Doi:10.1017/ice.2015.185. PMID 26310725.

Magill SS, Dumyati G, Ray SM, Fridkin SK. Evaluating Epidemiology and Improving Surveillance of Infections Associated with Health Care, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21(9):1537-42. doi: 10.3201/eid2109.150508. PMID: 26291035.

Epstein L, Mu Y, Belflower R, Scott J, Ray S, Dumyati G, Felsen C, Petit S, Yousey-Hindes K, Nadle J, Pasutti L, Lynfield R, Warnke L, Schaffner W, Leib K, Kallen AJ, Fridkin SK, Lessa FC. Risk Factors for Invasive Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection after Recent Discharge from an Acute Care Hospitalization, 2011-2013. Clin Infect Dis 2016;62:45-52. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ777. PMID: 26338787

Nguyen DB, See I, Gualandi N, Shugart A, Lines C, Bamberg W, Dumyati G, Harrison LH, Lesher L, Nadle J, Petit S, Ray SM, Schaffner W, Townes J, Njord L, Sievert D, Thompson ND, Patel PR. Completeness of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bloodstream Infection Reporting From Outpatient Hemodialysis Facilities to the National Healthcare Safety Network, 2013. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2016;37(2):205-7. doi: 10.1017/ice.2015.265. PubMed PMID: 26554448.

Magee MJ, Foote M, Ray SM, Gandhi NR, Kempker RR. Diabetes mellitus and extrapulmonary tuberculosis: site distribution and risk of mortality. Epidemiol Infect 2016;144:2209-16. doi:10.1017/S0950268816000364. PMID:26926092.

Worrell MC, Kramer M, Yamin A, Ray SM, Goswami ND. Use of Activity space in a tuberculosis outbreak: bringing homeless persons into spatial analysis. Open Forum Infect Dis 2017;4 (1): ofw280. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofw280

Powell KM, VanderEnde DS, Holland DP, Haddad MB, Yarn B, Yamin AS, Mohamed O, Sales RF, DiMiceli LE, Burns-Grant G, Reaves EJ, Gardner TJ, Ray SM. Outbreak of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis among homeless people in Atlanta, Georgia, 2008-2015. Pub Hlth Rep 2017;132(2)231-240. doi: 10.1177/0033354917694008.

Schechter MC, Buac K, Adekambi T, Cagle S, Celli J, Ray SM, Mehta CC, Rada B, Rengarajan J. Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) levels in human plasma are associated with active TB. PLoS One. 2017;12(8):e0182587. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182587.

Immergluck LC, Jain S, Ray SM, et al. Risk of skin and soft tissue infections among children found to be Staphylococcus aureus MRSA USA300 carriers. West J Emerg Med 2017;18(2):201-212. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2016.10.30483

Schechter MC, Bizune D, Kagei M, Machaidze M, Holland DP, Oladele A, Wang YF, Rebolledo PA, Ray SM, Kempker RR. Time to sputum culture conversion and treatment outcomes among patients with isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis in Atlanta, GA. Clin Infec Dis 2017; 65(11): 1862-1871. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix686

Collins JM, Hunter M, Gordon W, Kempker RR, Blumberg HM, Ray SM. False positive tuberculin skin test results among low-risk healthcare workers following implementation of 50-dose vials of purified protein derivative. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018; 39(6):7500-752. doi: 10.1017/ice.2018.59.

Schechter MC, Bizune D, Kagei M, Holland DP, Del Rio C, Yamin A, Mohamed O, Oladele A, Wang YF, Rebolledo PA, Ray SM, Kempker RR. Challenges across the HIV care continuum for patients with HIV/TB co-infection in Atlanta, GA. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018 Mar 21;5(4):ofy063. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofy063. PMID: 29657955

Gualandi N, Mu Y, Bamberg WM, Dumyati G, Harrison LH, Lesher L, Nadle J, Petit S, Ray SM, Schaffner W, Townes J, McDonald M, See I. Racial disparities in invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections, 2005-2014. Clin Infect Dis. 2018;67:1175-1181. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy277.

Jackson KA, Bohm MK, Brooks JT, Asher A, Nadle J, Bamberg WM, Petit S, Ray SM, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Dumyati G, Schaffner W, Townes JM, See I. Invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections among persons who inject drugs - six sites, 2005-2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Jun 8;67(22):625-628. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6722a2.

Chida N, Brown C, Mathad J, Carpenter K, Nelson G, Schechter MC, Giles N, Rebolledo PA, Ray S, Fabre V, Cantillo DS, Longworth S, Amorosa V, Petrauskis C, Boulanger C, Cain N, Gupta A, McKenzie-White J, Bollinger R, Melia MT. Internal medicine residents’ knowledge and practice of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis. Open Forum Infect Dis 2018;5(7):ofy152. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofy152.

Grigg C, Palms D, Stone ND, Gualandi N, Bamberg W, Dumyati G, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Nadle J, Petit S, Ray S, Schaffner W, Townes J, See I. Burden of invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Aug;66(8):1581-1586. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15451. PMID: 30094828.

Frisch MB, Castillo-Ramirez S, Petit RA 3rd, Farley MM, Ray SM, Albrecht VS, Limbago BM, Hernandez J, See I, Satola SW, Read TD. Invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA500 strains from the U.S. Emerging Infections Program constitute three geographically distinct lineages. mSphere 2018;3(3). Pii: e00571-17. doi: 10.1128/mSphere.00571-17.

Adekambi T, Ibegbu CC, Cagle S, Ray SM, Rengarajan J. High frequencies of caspase-3 expressing Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD4+ T cells are associated with active tuberculosis. Front Immunol 2018;9:1481. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2018.01481.

Bizune DJ, Kempker RR, Kagei M, Yamin A, Mohamed O, Holland DP, Oladele A, Wang YF, Rebolledo PA, Blumberg HM, Ray SM, Schechter MC. Treatment complexities among patients with tuberculosis in a high HIV prevalence cohort in the United States. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2018;34(12):1050-7. doi: 10.1089/AID.2018.0126. PubMed PMID: 30105915.

Magill SS, O’Leary E, Janelle SJ, Thompson DL, Dumyati G, Nadle J, Wilson LE, Kainer MA, Lynfield R, Greissman S, Ray SM, Beldavs Z, Gorss C, Bamberg W, Sievers M, Concannon C, Buhr N, Warnke L, Maloney M, Ocampo V, Oyewumi T, Sharmin S, Richards K, Rainbow J, Samper M, Hancock ED, Leaptrot D, Scalise E, Badrun F, Phelps R, Edwards JR; EIP Hospital Prevalence Surveillance Team. Changes in prevalence of health care-associated infections in U.S. hospitals. N Engl J Med 2018;379:1732-1744. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1801550.

Holland DP, Alexander S, Onwubiko U, Goswami ND, Yamin A, Mohamed O, Sales R, Grant G, Talboy P, Ray S, and Kathleen E. Toomey. Response to isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis in homeless shelters, Georgia, USA, 2015–2017. Emerg Infect Dis 2019;25(3):593-595. doi:10.3201/eid2503.181678.

See I, Mu Y, Albrecht V, Karlsson M, Dumyati G, Hardy DJ, Koeck M, Lynfield R, Nadle J, Ray SM, Schaffner W, Kallen AJ. Trends in incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections differ by strain type and healthcare exposure, United States, 2005-2013. Accepted for publication in Clin Infect Dis 2019 https://doi-org.proxy.library.emory.edu/10.1093/cid/ciz158

Jackson KA, Gokhale RH, Nadle J, Ray SM, Dumyati G, Schaffner W, Ham DC, Magill SS, Lynfield R, See I. Public health importance of invasive methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus infections – surveillance in eight US counties, 2016. Accepted for publication in Clin Infect Dis 2019