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Sung Lim

Sung S. Lim, MD, MPH

Chief of Service, Rheumatology

Dr. Lim is Professor of Medicine and Professor of Epidemiology at Emory University. He is the Chief of Rheumatology for Grady Health Systems, where he founded and directs the Grady Lupus Clinic. His primary clinical interest is in the improvement in the diagnosis and management of lupus.
His research interests are in the epidemiology, outcomes, and contributions of social determinants of health in lupus disparities. Dr. Lim led The Georgia Lupus Registry, one of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-funded population-based lupus registries from which he helped create the Georgians Organized Against Lupus research cohort that now has over 1,100 consented individuals with a validated diagnosis of lupus from the Atlanta metropolitan area. He is currently funded by the National Institutes of Health and the CDC to study the role of psychosocial stressors and other social determinants of health on racial health disparities in lupus. Dr. Lim has been involved in over 40 lupus clinical trials since 2004 and continues to be active in the study of new treatments for lupus. He is also part of the Lupus Clinical Investigators Network and serves on its Steering Committee.
Dr. Lim is very active nationally and internationally in lupus. He is a member of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics, an international lupus research group representing 43 centers from 16 different countries, and serves on its Executive Committee as Treasurer. He also serves on both the Georgia chapter and national Lupus Foundation of America Medical Advisory Boards.

Specialties

  • Rheumatology
  • Internal Medicine

Board Certifications

  • ABMS Internal Medicine

Fellowships

  • Emory University School of Medicine

Affiliations

  • Emory

Education & Training

  • Medical School: S.U.N.Y. School of Medicine @ Brooklyn
  • Internship: Emory University School of Medicine
  • Residency: Emory University - Department of Medicine

Honors & Awards

Georgia Council on Lupus Education and Awareness

Past president of the Georgia Society of Rheumatology

Distinguished Service Award and Clinical Investigator Fellowship Award by the American College of Rheumatology

Chair of the Collaborative Initiatives Department that oversees The Lupus Initiative

Past Chair of the clinical study section for the Rheumatology Research Foundation grants

Publications

Legge A, Kirkland S, Rockwood K, Andreou P, Bae SC, Gordon C, Romero-Diaz J, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Wallace DJ, Bernatsky S, Clarke AE, Merrill JT, Ginzler EM, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Urowitz MB, Bruce IN, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Alarcón GS, Petri M, Khamashta MA, Dooley MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Manzi S, Zoma AA, Aranow C, Mackay M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Inanc M, van Vollenhoven RF, Jonsen A, Nived O, Ramos-Casals M, Kamen DL, Kalunian KC, Jacobsen S, Peschken CA, Askanase A, Hanly JG. Construction of a frailty index as a novel health measure in systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol. 2019 Apr 15;. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.181338. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30988130.

Hong J, Aspey L, Bao G, Haynes T, Lim SS, Drenkard C. Chronic Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus: Depression Burden and Associated Factors. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2019 Mar 15;. doi: 10.1007/s40257-019-00429-7. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30877492.

Legge A, Kirkland S, Rockwood K, Andreou P, Bae SC, Gordon C, Romero-Diaz J, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Wallace DJ, Bernatsky S, Clarke AE, Merrill JT, Ginzler EM, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Urowitz MB, Bruce IN, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Alarcón GS, Petri M, Khamashta MA, Dooley MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Manzi S, Steinsson K, Zoma AA, Aranow C, Mackay M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Inanc M, van Vollenhoven RF, Jonsen A, Nived O, Ramos-Casals M, Kamen DL, Kalunian KC, Jacobsen S, Peschken CA, Askanase A, Hanly JG. Evaluating the properties of a frailty index and its association with mortality risk among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019 Feb 16;. doi: 10.1002/art.40859. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30771242.

Mendel A, Bernatsky S, Pineau CA, St-Pierre Y, Hanly JG, Urowitz MB, Clarke AE, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Wallace DJ, Merrill JT, Buyon J, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Petri M, Dooley MA, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Khamashta MA, Aranow C, Mackay M, Alarcón G, Manzi S, Nived O, Jönsen A, Zoma AA, van Vollenhoven RF, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim S, Kalunian KC, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Bruce IN, Costedoat-Chalumeau N, Vinet E. Use of combined hormonal contraceptives among women with systemic lupus erythematosus with and without medical contraindications to oestrogen. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2019 Feb 8;. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kez014. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30753683.

Jordan J, Thompson NJ, Dunlop-Thomas C, Lim SS, Drenkard C. Relationships among organ damage, social support, and depression in African American women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2019 Feb;28(2):253-260. doi: 10.1177/0961203318815573. Epub 2018 Nov 27. PubMed PMID: 30482093; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6415670.

Drenkard C, Bao G, Lewis TT, Pobiner B, Priest J, Lim SS. Physician-patient interactions in African American patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: Demographic characteristics and relationship with disease activity and depression. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2019 Feb;48(4):669-677. doi: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2018.05.012. Epub 2018 Jun 13. PubMed PMID: 30075991.

Hanly JG, Li Q, Su L, Urowitz MB, Gordon C, Bae SC, Romero-Diaz J, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Bernatsky S, Clarke AE, Wallace DJ, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Merrill JT, Fortin PR, Gladman DD, Bruce IN, Petri M, Ginzler EM, Dooley MA, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Zoma AA, Manzi S, Nived O, Jonsen A, Khamashta MA, Alarcón GS, van Vollenhoven RF, Aranow C, Mackay M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Ramos-Casals M, Lim SS, Inanc M, Kalunian KC, Jacobsen S, Peschken CA, Kamen DL, Askanase A, Theriault C, Farewell V. Psychosis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Results From an International Inception Cohort Study. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019 Feb;71(2):281-289. doi: 10.1002/art.40764. Epub 2019 Jan 18. PubMed PMID: 30375754; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6353684.

Wirestam L, Enocsson H, Skogh T, Padyukov L, Jönsen A, Urowitz MB, Gladman DD, Romero-Diaz J, Bae SC, Fortin PR, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Clarke AE, Bernatsky S, Gordon C, Hanly JG, Wallace D, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Merrill J, Ginzler E, Alarcón GS, Chatham WW, Petri M, Khamashta M, Aranow C, Mackay M, Dooley MA, Manzi S, Ramsey-Goldman R, Nived O, Steinsson K, Zoma A, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim S, Kalunian K, Inanc M, Vollenhoven RV, Ramos-Casals M, Kamen DL, Jacobsen S, Peschken C, Askanase A, Stoll T, Bruce IN, Wetterö J, Sjöwall C. Osteopontin and Disease Activity in Patients with Recent-onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Results from the SLICC Inception Cohort. J Rheumatol. 2019 Jan 15;. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.180713. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30647177.

Drenkard C, Parker S, Aspey LD, Gordon C, Helmick CG, Bao G, Lim SS. Racial Disparities in the Incidence of Primary Chronic Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus in the Southeastern US: The Georgia Lupus Registry. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2019 Jan;71(1):95-103. doi: 10.1002/acr.23578. PubMed PMID: 29669194; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6193862.

Mendel A, Bernatsky SB, Hanly JG, Urowitz MB, Clarke AE, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Wallace DJ, Merrill JT, Buyon JP, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Petri M, Dooley MA, Fortin PR, Gladman DD, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Khamashta MA, Aranow C, Mackay M, Alarcón GS, Manzi S, Nived O, Jönsen A, Zoma AA, van Vollenhoven RF, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim S, Kalunian KC, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Bruce IN, Costedoat-Chalumeau N, Vinet É. Low aspirin use and high prevalence of pre-eclampsia risk factors among pregnant women in a multinational SLE inception cohort. Ann Rheum Dis. 2018 Dec 20;. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2018-214434. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30573656.

Jenks SA, Cashman KS, Zumaquero E, Marigorta UM, Patel AV, Wang X, Tomar D, Woodruff MC, Simon Z, Bugrovsky R, Blalock EL, Scharer CD, Tipton CM, Wei C, Lim SS, Petri M, Niewold TB, Anolik JH, Gibson G, Lee FE, Boss JM, Lund FE, Sanz I. Distinct Effector B Cells Induced by Unregulated Toll-like Receptor 7 Contribute to Pathogenic Responses in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Immunity. 2018 Oct 16;49(4):725-739.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2018.08.015. Epub 2018 Oct 9. PubMed PMID: 30314758; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6217820.

Plantinga L, Tift BD, Dunlop-Thomas C, Sam Lim S, Barrett Bowling C, Drenkard C. Geriatric Assessment of Physical and Cognitive Functioning in a Diverse Cohort of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients: A Pilot Study. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2018 Oct;70(10):1469-1477. doi: 10.1002/acr.23507. Epub 2018 Aug 27. PubMed PMID: 29316334; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6033700.

Heiman E, Lim SS, Bao G, Drenkard C. Depressive Symptoms Are Associated With Low Treatment Adherence in African American Individuals With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. J Clin Rheumatol. 2018 Oct;24(7):368-374. doi: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000000794. PubMed PMID: 29912774; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6487191.

Hanly JG, Li Q, Su L, Urowitz MB, Gordon C, Bae SC, Romero-Diaz J, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Bernatsky S, Clarke AE, Wallace DJ, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Merrill JT, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Bruce IN, Petri M, Ginzler EM, Dooley MA, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Zoma AA, Manzi S, Nived O, Jonsen A, Khamashta MA, Alarcón GS, Chatham W, van Vollenhoven RF, Aranow C, Mackay M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Ramos-Casals M, Lim SS, Inanc M, Kalunian KC, Jacobsen S, Peschken CA, Kamen DL, Askanase A, Theriault C, Farewell V. Cerebrovascular Events in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Results From an International Inception Cohort Study. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2018 Oct;70(10):1478-1487. doi: 10.1002/acr.23509. Epub 2018 Sep 1. PubMed PMID: 29316357; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6033693.

Barber MRW, Hanly JG, Su L, Urowitz MB, St Pierre Y, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Bernatsky S, Wallace DJ, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Petri M, Bruce IN, Fortin PR, Gladman DD, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Ramsey-Goldman R, Khamashta MA, Aranow C, Mackay M, Alarcón GS, Manzi S, Nived O, Jönsen A, Zoma AA, van Vollenhoven RF, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Kalunian KC, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Theriault C, Farewell V, Clarke AE. Economic Evaluation of Lupus Nephritis in the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Inception Cohort Using a Multistate Model Approach. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2018 Sep;70(9):1294-1302. doi: 10.1002/acr.23480. Epub 2018 Aug 17. PubMed PMID: 29193883; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6155450.

Choi MY, Clarke AE, St Pierre Y, Hanly JG, Urowitz MB, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Bernatsky S, Wallace DJ, Merrill JT, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Petri M, Bruce IN, Dooley MA, Fortin PR, Gladman DD, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Khamashta MA, Aranow C, Alarcón GS, Manzi S, Nived O, Zoma AA, van Vollenhoven RF, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Kalunian KC, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Stoll T, Buyon J, Mahler M, Fritzler MJ. Antinuclear Antibody-Negative Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in an International Inception Cohort. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2018 Jul 25;. doi: 10.1002/acr.23712. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30044551.

Jorge AM, Melles RB, Zhang Y, Lu N, Rai SK, Young LH, Costenbader KH, Ramsey-Goldman R, Lim SS, Esdaile JM, Clarke AE, Urowitz MB, Askanase A, Aranow C, Petri M, Choi H. Hydroxychloroquine prescription trends and predictors for excess dosing per recent ophthalmology guidelines. Arthritis Res Ther. 2018 Jul 5;20(1):133. doi: 10.1186/s13075-018-1634-8. PubMed PMID: 29976231; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6034317.

Askanase AD, Nguyen SC, Costenbader K, Lim SS, Kamen D, Aranow C, Grossman J, Kapoor TM, Baker-Frost D, Aberle T, Thanou-Stavraki A, Hanrahan LM, Kim M, Merrill JT. Comparison of the Lupus Foundation of America-Rapid Evaluation of Activity in Lupus to More Complex Disease Activity Instruments As Evaluated by Clinical Investigators or Real-World Clinicians. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2018 Jul;70(7):1058-1063. doi: 10.1002/acr.23445. Epub 2018 May 21. PubMed PMID: 28992399.

McDougall JA, Helmick CG, Lim SS, Johnston JM, Gaddy JR, Gordon C, Ferucci ED. Differences in the diagnosis and management of systemic lupus erythematosus by primary care and specialist providers in the American Indian/Alaska Native population. Lupus. 2018 Jun;27(7):1169-1176. doi: 10.1177/0961203318763529. Epub 2018 Mar 19. PubMed PMID: 29554837.

Little J, Parker B, Lunt M, Hanly JG, Urowitz MB, Clarke AE, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Bernatsky S, Wallace DJ, Merrill JT, Buyon J, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Petri M, Dooley MA, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Khamashta MA, Aranow C, Mackay M, Alarcón GS, Manzi S, Nived O, Jönsen A, Zoma AA, van Vollenhoven RF, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Sam Lim S, Kalunian KC, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Bruce IN. Glucocorticoid use and factors associated with variability in this use in the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Inception Cohort. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2018 Apr 1;57(4):677-687. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kex444. PubMed PMID: 29361147; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5888922.

Isenberg D, Sturgess J, Allen E, Aranow C, Askanase A, Sang-Cheol B, Bernatsky S, Bruce I, Buyon J, Cervera R, Clarke A, Dooley MA, Fortin P, Ginzler E, Gladman D, Hanly J, Inanc M, Jacobsen S, Kamen D, Khamashta M, Lim S, Manzi S, Nived O, Peschken C, Petri M, Kalunian K, Rahman A, Ramsey-Goldman R, Romero-Diaz J, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Steinsson K, Sturfelt G, Urowitz M, van Vollenhoven R, Wallace DJ, Zoma A, Merrill J, Gordon C. Study of Flare Assessment in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Based on Paper Patients. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2018 Jan;70(1):98-103. doi: 10.1002/acr.23252. Epub 2017 Dec 8. PubMed PMID: 28388813; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5767751.

Ferreira I, Croca S, Raimondo MG, Matharu M, Miller S, Giles I, Isenberg D, Ioannou Y, Hanly JG, Urowitz MB, Anderson N, Aranow C, Askanase A, Bae SC, Bernatsky S, Bruce IN, Buyon J, Clarke AE, Dooley MA, Fortin P, Ginzler E, Gladman D, Gordon C, Inanc M, Jacobsen S, Kalunian K, Kamen D, Khamashta M, Lim S, Manzi S, Merrill J, Nived O, Peschken C, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Steinson K, Sturfelt GK, van Vollenhoven R, Wallace DJ, Zoma A, Rahman A. Nitrated nucleosome levels and neuropsychiatric events in systemic lupus erythematosus; a multi-center retrospective case-control study. Arthritis Res Ther. 2017 Dec 22;19(1):287. doi: 10.1186/s13075-017-1495-6. PubMed PMID: 29273092; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5741886.

Plantinga L, Lim SS, Bowling CB, Drenkard C. Perceived stress and reported cognitive symptoms among Georgia patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2017 Sep;26(10):1064-1071. doi: 10.1177/0961203317693095. Epub 2017 Feb 23. PubMed PMID: 28420055; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5494014.

Choi MY, Clarke AE, St Pierre Y, Hanly JG, Urowitz MB, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Bernatsky S, Wallace DJ, Merrill JT, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Petri M, Bruce IN, Dooley MA, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Khamashta MA, Aranow C, Alarcón GS, Manzi S, Nived O, Zoma AA, van Vollenhoven RF, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Kalunian KC, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Buyon J, Mahler M, Fritzler MJ. The prevalence and determinants of anti-DFS70 autoantibodies in an international inception cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Lupus. 2017 Sep;26(10):1051-1059. doi: 10.1177/0961203317692437. Epub 2017 Feb 23. PubMed PMID: 28420054.

Ferucci ED, Johnston JM, Gordon C, Helmick CG, Lim SS. Prevalence of Mixed Connective Tissue Disease in a Population-Based Registry of American Indian/Alaska Native People in 2007. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2017 Aug;69(8):1271-1275. doi: 10.1002/acr.23135. Epub 2017 Jul 10. PubMed PMID: 27788293.

Lim SS, Kivitz AJ, McKinnell D, Pierson ME, O'Brien FS. Simulating clinical trial visits yields patient insights into study design and recruitment. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2017;11:1295-1307. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S137416. eCollection 2017. PubMed PMID: 28814837; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5545635.

Brandt JE, Drenkard C, Kan H, Bao G, Dunlop-Thomas C, Pobiner B, Chang DJ, Jolly M, Lim SS. External Validation of the Lupus Impact Tracker in a Southeastern US Longitudinal Cohort With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2017 Jun;69(6):842-848. doi: 10.1002/acr.23009. Epub 2017 May 9. PubMed PMID: 27564570.

Knight JH, Howards PP, Spencer JB, Tsagaris KC, Lim SS. Characteristics related to early secondary amenorrhoea and pregnancy among women diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus: an analysis using the GOAL study. Lupus Sci Med. 2016;3(1):e000139. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2015-000139. eCollection 2016. PubMed PMID: 27752335; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5051470.

Hanly JG, Su L, Urowitz MB, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Bernatsky S, Clarke AE, Wallace DJ, Merrill JT, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Petri M, Bruce IN, Dooley MA, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Khamashta MA, Aranow C, Alarcón GS, Fessler BJ, Manzi S, Nived O, Sturfelt GK, Zoma AA, van Vollenhoven RF, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Kalunian KC, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Theriault C, Farewell V. A Longitudinal Analysis of Outcomes of Lupus Nephritis in an International Inception Cohort Using a Multistate Model Approach. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016 Aug;68(8):1932-44. doi: 10.1002/art.39674. PubMed PMID: 26991067; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5858760.

Plantinga L, Lim SS, Bowling CB, Drenkard C. Association of age with health-related quality of life in a cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: the Georgians Organized Against Lupus study. Lupus Sci Med. 2016;3(1):e000161. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2016-000161. eCollection 2016. PubMed PMID: 27547440; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4964216.

Plantinga LC, Lim SS, Patzer RE, Pastan SO, Drenkard C. Comparison of vascular access outcomes in patients with end-stage renal disease attributed to systemic lupus erythematosus vs. other causes: a retrospective cohort study. BMC Nephrol. 2016 Jul 7;17(1):64. doi: 10.1186/s12882-016-0274-y. PubMed PMID: 27388761; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4936281.

Urowitz MB, Gladman DD, Anderson NM, Su J, Romero-Diaz J, Bae SC, Fortin PR, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Clarke A, Bernatsky S, Gordon C, Hanly JG, Wallace DJ, Isenberg D, Rahman A, Merrill J, Ginzler E, Alarcón GS, Fessler BF, Petri M, Bruce IN, Khamashta M, Aranow C, Dooley M, Manzi S, Ramsey-Goldman R, Sturfelt G, Nived O, Steinsson K, Zoma A, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim S, Kalunian KC, Ỉnanç M, van Vollenhoven R, Ramos-Casals M, Kamen DL, Jacobsen S, Peschken C, Askanase A, Stoll T. Cardiovascular events prior to or early after diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus in the systemic lupus international collaborating clinics cohort. Lupus Sci Med. 2016;3(1):e000143. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2015-000143. eCollection 2016. PubMed PMID: 27099765; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4836282.

Plantinga L, Lim SS, Patzer R, McClellan W, Kramer M, Klein M, Pastan S, Gordon C, Helmick C, Drenkard C. Incidence of End-Stage Renal Disease Among Newly Diagnosed Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients: The Georgia Lupus Registry. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2016 Mar;68(3):357-65. doi: 10.1002/acr.22685. PubMed PMID: 26239749; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4740266.

Hanly JG, O'Keeffe AG, Su L, Urowitz MB, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Bernatsky S, Clarke AE, Wallace DJ, Merrill JT, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Petri M, Bruce IN, Dooley MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Aranow C, Alarcón GS, Fessler BJ, Steinsson K, Nived O, Sturfelt GK, Manzi S, Khamashta MA, van Vollenhoven RF, Zoma AA, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Stoll T, Inanc M, Kalunian KC, Kamen DL, Maddison P, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Theriault C, Thompson K, Farewell V. The frequency and outcome of lupus nephritis: results from an international inception cohort study. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2016 Feb;55(2):252-62. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kev311. Epub 2015 Sep 5. PubMed PMID: 26342222; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4939728.

Plantinga LC, Drenkard C, Pastan SO, Lim SS. Attribution of cause of end-stage renal disease among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: the Georgia Lupus Registry. Lupus Sci Med. 2016;3(1):e000132. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2015-000132. eCollection 2016. PubMed PMID: 26848398; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4731835.

Chae DH, Drenkard CM, Lewis TT, Lim SS. Discrimination and Cumulative Disease Damage Among African American Women With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Am J Public Health. 2015 Oct;105(10):2099-107. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302727. Epub 2015 Aug 13. PubMed PMID: 26270300; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4566545.

Bruce IN, O'Keeffe AG, Farewell V, Hanly JG, Manzi S, Su L, Gladman DD, Bae SC, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Wallace DJ, Clarke AE, Bernatsky S, Ginzler EM, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Merrill JT, Alarcón GS, Fessler BJ, Fortin PR, Petri M, Steinsson K, Dooley MA, Khamashta MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Zoma AA, Sturfelt GK, Nived O, Aranow C, Mackay M, Ramos-Casals M, van Vollenhoven RF, Kalunian KC, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim S, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Inanc M, Urowitz MB. Factors associated with damage accrual in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: results from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) Inception Cohort. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Sep;74(9):1706-13. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-205171. Epub 2014 May 16. PubMed PMID: 24834926; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4552899.

Lim SS, Drenkard C. Epidemiology of lupus: an update. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2015 Sep;27(5):427-32. doi: 10.1097/BOR.0000000000000198. Review. PubMed PMID: 26196375.

Parker B, Urowitz MB, Gladman DD, Lunt M, Donn R, Bae SC, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Wallace DJ, Clarke AE, Bernatsky S, Ginzler EM, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Merrill JT, Alarcón GS, Fessler BJ, Fortin PR, Hanly JG, Petri M, Steinsson K, Dooley MA, Manzi S, Khamashta MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Zoma AA, Sturfelt GK, Nived O, Aranow C, Mackay M, Ramos-Casals M, van Vollenhoven RF, Kalunian KC, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Inanc M, Bruce IN. Impact of early disease factors on metabolic syndrome in systemic lupus erythematosus: data from an international inception cohort. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Aug;74(8):1530-6. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-203933. Epub 2014 Apr 1. PubMed PMID: 24692585; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4515988.

Hanly JG, Su L, Urowitz MB, Romero-Diaz J, Gordon C, Bae SC, Bernatsky S, Clarke AE, Wallace DJ, Merrill JT, Isenberg DA, Rahman A, Ginzler EM, Petri M, Bruce IN, Dooley MA, Fortin P, Gladman DD, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Steinsson K, Ramsey-Goldman R, Khamashta MA, Aranow C, Alarcón GS, Fessler BJ, Manzi S, Nived O, Sturfelt GK, Zoma AA, van Vollenhoven RF, Ramos-Casals M, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Lim SS, Kalunian KC, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Peschken CA, Jacobsen S, Askanase A, Theriault C, Thompson K, Farewell V. Mood Disorders in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Results From an International Inception Cohort Study. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015 Jul;67(7):1837-47. doi: 10.1002/art.39111. PubMed PMID: 25778456; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4485527.

Plantinga LC, Patzer RE, Drenkard C, Kramer MR, Klein M, Lim SS, McClellan WM, Pastan SO. Association of time to kidney transplantation with graft failure among U.S. patients with end-stage renal disease due to lupus nephritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2015 Apr;67(4):571-81. doi: 10.1002/acr.22482. PubMed PMID: 25251922; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4370810.

Plantinga LC, Patzer RE, Drenkard C, Pastan SO, Cobb J, McClellan W, Lim SS. Comparison of quality-of-care measures in U.S. patients with end-stage renal disease secondary to lupus nephritis vs. other causes. BMC Nephrol. 2015 Mar 29;16:39. doi: 10.1186/s12882-015-0037-1. PubMed PMID: 25884409; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4389993.

Plantinga LC, Drenkard C, Patzer RE, Klein M, Kramer MR, Pastan S, Lim SS, McClellan WM. Sociodemographic and geographic predictors of quality of care in United States patients with end-stage renal disease due to lupus nephritis. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015 Mar;67(3):761-72. doi: 10.1002/art.38983. PubMed PMID: 25692867; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5340148.

Orbai AM, Truedsson L, Sturfelt G, Nived O, Fang H, Alarcón GS, Gordon C, Merrill J, Fortin PR, Bruce IN, Isenberg DA, Wallace DJ, Ramsey-Goldman R, Bae SC, Hanly JG, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Clarke AE, Aranow CB, Manzi S, Urowitz MB, Gladman DD, Kalunian KC, Costner MI, Werth VP, Zoma A, Bernatsky S, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Khamashta MA, Jacobsen S, Buyon JP, Maddison P, Dooley MA, Van Vollenhoven RF, Ginzler E, Stoll T, Peschken C, Jorizzo JL, Callen JP, Lim SS, Fessler BJ, Inanc M, Kamen DL, Rahman A, Steinsson K, Franks AG Jr, Sigler L, Hameed S, Pham N, Brey R, Weisman MH, McGwin G Jr, Magder LS, Petri M. Anti-C1q antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2015 Jan;24(1):42-9. doi: 10.1177/0961203314547791. Epub 2014 Aug 14. PubMed PMID: 25124676; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4268323.

Treatment of lupus nephritis with abatacept: the Abatacept and Cyclophosphamide Combination Efficacy and Safety Study. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2014 Nov;66(11):3096-104. doi: 10.1002/art.38790. PubMed PMID: 25403681; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4528976.

Ferucci ED, Johnston JM, Gaddy JR, Sumner L, Posever JO, Choromanski TL, Gordon C, Lim SS, Helmick CG. Prevalence and incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus in a population-based registry of American Indian and Alaska Native people, 2007-2009. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2014 Sep;66(9):2494-502. doi: 10.1002/art.38720. PubMed PMID: 24891315; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4617772.

Drenkard C, Bao G, Dennis G, Kan HJ, Jhingran PM, Molta CT, Lim SS. Burden of systemic lupus erythematosus on employment and work productivity: data from a large cohort in the southeastern United States. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2014 Jun;66(6):878-87. doi: 10.1002/acr.22245. PubMed PMID: 24339382.

Drenkard C, Yazdany J, Trupin L, Katz PP, Dunlop-Thomas C, Bao G, Lim SS. Validity of a self-administered version of the brief index of lupus damage in a predominantly African American systemic lupus erythematosus cohort. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2014 Jun;66(6):888-96. doi: 10.1002/acr.22231. PubMed PMID: 24249662; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4025986.

Bartels CM, Ramsey-Goldman R. Editorial: Updates in US systemic lupus erythematosus epidemiology: Tales of two cities. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2014 Feb;66(2):242-5. doi: 10.1002/art.38240. PubMed PMID: 24504794.

Lim SS, Bayakly AR, Helmick CG, Gordon C, Easley KA, Drenkard C. The incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus, 2002-2004: The Georgia Lupus Registry. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2014 Feb;66(2):357-68. doi: 10.1002/art.38239. PubMed PMID: 24504808; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4617771.